Outcomes of Parent Involvement
What are the recommendations for increasing parent involvement?
- Conduct a needs assessment identifying what the concerns and issues are surrounding parent involvement in the education of their children.
- Develop, in collaboration with parents, shared goals and missions concerning learning and development (Ruebel, 2001).
- Develop a long-range parent involvement plan. "Parental involvement may be implemented as a stand-alone program or as a component in comprehensive school-based programs" (Comprehensive School Reform Quality Center, 2005, p. 37).
- Engage in parent professional development (Comprehensive School Reform Quality Center, 2005; Marzano, 2003). First, conduct a needs assessment to identify focus areas for parent professional development. Use this needs assessment to guide the development of a balanced, comprehensive program of partnership.For example, parent professional development might include one- to two-hour free, weekly sessions held at night, or as a series of minicourses. The professional development could discuss specific parent behaviors and be used as a vehicle to involve parents in other aspects of the school (Marzano, 2003).
- Identify a family-school liaison who actively works to engage parents (Comprehensive School Reform Quality Center, 2005).
- Create a resource inventory to identify strengths, skills, and cultural and contextual knowledge of both parents and faculty members.
- Develop a repertoire of strategies designed to increase parent involvement at school and at home.
- Establish and maintain respectful and productive relationships with families (Jackson & Andrews, 2004; McEwin & Smith, 2005) "to support the interaction of ideas and experiences centered on the learning of young people" (Nesin & Brazee, 2005, p. 42).
- Establish open and two-way lines of communication (Comprehensive School Reform Quality Center, 2005; Epstein et al., 2002; Jackson & Andrews,2004; NMSA, 2003) for thoughtful and reflective conversation.
- Use a variety of meeting spaces (NMSA, 2003) for equitable access and non-threatening environments.